Social Studies Maps Study Guide Test Jan. 12

By January 8, 2023 Mrs. Kathryn Milton
  1. A globe has the shape of a sphere, or ball.
  2. A globe is a model of the Earth that shows Earth’s major bodies of water and its 7 continents.
  3. Continents are large land masses.
  4. Earth’s continents, from largest to smallest, are Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.
  5. The equator is a line on a globe that is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.
  6. The equator divides Earth into two equal halves called hemispheres.
  7. The Northern Hemisphere is north of the equator. The Southern Hemisphere is south of the equator.
  8. The Prime Meridian runs north and south (North Pole to South Pole) on the globe.
  9. The Prime Meridian is often used to divide Earth into the Western Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere.
  10.  A map is a drawing that shows all or part of Earth on a flat surface.
  11. Map title tells the subject of the map and/or may identify the kind of map.
  12. A political map shows cities, states, and countries.
  13. A physical map shows kinds of land and bodies of water.
  14. A historical map shows parts of the world as they were in the past.
  15. A map key, or legend, explains the symbols used on a map.
  16. Symbols on a map may be color, patterns, lines or other special marks.
  17. An inset map is a smaller map within a larger one.
  18. A locator is a small map or globe that shows where the place on the main map is located within a larger area.
  19. A map scale, or distance scale, compares a distance on the map to a distance on Earth.
  20. A compass rose or direction marker, shows direction.
  21. The cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west.
  22. The intermediate directions, or directions between the cardinal directions, are northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest.
  23. Grid system are lines on a map that cross each other that form a pattern of squares.
  24. The grid system helps people find places on maps. It uses letters and numbers.
  25. The lines are in columns (up and down-vertical) and rows (left to right-horizonal).
  26. The columns are use numbers and the rows use letters.
  27. Each square on a map can be identified by its letter and number. The letter and number combination are also known as coordinates.

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